Laurentian library, San Lorenzo, Florence
- (1524-1534)In 1524, Pope Clement VII commissioned Michelangelo to build the Laurentian Library for the purpose of housing the collection of books and manuscripts owned by his family, the Medici. The project was interrupted in 1527 when the sack of Rome resulted in the exile of the Medici from Florence. It resumed in 1530 when their banishment was lifted, and abandoned again in 1534 when Michelangelo was working in Rome. It was not until 1559 that the staircase for the library's vestibule was completed by Michelangelo's assistants, Giorgio Vasari and Bartolomeo Ammannati, who followed a model the master had sent from the papal city.The vestibule is among the most innovative of Michelangelo's architectural designs as here he experimented with an anticlassical vocabulary that led to the development of the Mannerist style. The stairs that lead to the library's reading room jut out in a rhythmic curvilinear motion. Niches are too shallow to hold statues, the windows above them are blind, and the paired columns flanking them are recessed and supported by scroll brackets — features never before employed in architecture. The library's reading room is in essence a long rectangle pierced by windows on the long walls. These are capped with protruding lintels supported by brackets and enclosed in quadrangular moldings above which the blind windows of the vestibule are repeated—again Michelangelo's inventions. The innovative vocabulary Michelangelo introduced in this commission not only inspired the Mannerist architects but continued to have an impact on the 17th century as Francesco Borromini's experiments with unconventional rhythmic forms prove.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
Look at other dictionaries:
Basilica of San Lorenzo, Florence — The Basilica Interior looki … Wikipedia
San Lorenzo — /san leuh ren zoh/ a town in W California, near San Francisco Bay. 20,545. * * * ▪ Argentina city and port, southeastern Santa Fe provincia (province), northeastern Argentina, on the Paraná River. The settlement grew up around a monastery,… … Universalium
Laurentian Library — Aerial view. The Laurentian Library can be identified in the long row of windows above the cloister extending to the left of the picture. The taller structure with two rows of windows immediately to its right is the vestibule. The Laurentian… … Wikipedia
Lorenzo de' Medici — Infobox Person name = Lorenzo de Medici caption = A portrait of Lorenzo de Medici by Girolamo Macchietti. birth date = birth date|1449|1|1 death date = death date and age|1492|4|9|1449|1|1 spouse = Clarice Orsini Philippina of Savoy children =… … Wikipedia
Florence — Firenze and Florentine redirect here. For other uses, see Florentin, Florentine (disambiguation), Florence (disambiguation) or Firenze (disambiguation). Florence Firenze Comune … Wikipedia
Florence — /flawr euhns, flor /, n. 1. Italian, Firenze. a city in central Italy, on the Arno River: capital of the former grand duchy of Tuscany. 464,425. 2. a city in NW Alabama, on the Tennessee River. 37,029. 3. a city in E South Carolina. 30,062. 4. a… … Universalium
library — /luy brer ee, breuh ree, bree/, n., pl. libraries. 1. a place set apart to contain books, periodicals, and other material for reading, viewing, listening, study, or reference, as a room, set of rooms, or building where books may be read or… … Universalium
Music of Florence — Music of Italy Genres: Classical (Opera) Pop Rock (Hardcore New Wave Progressive rock) Disco Folk Hip hop Jazz History and Timeline Awards … Wikipedia
Michelangelo — For other uses, see Michelangelo (disambiguation). Michelangelo Portrait of Michelangelo … Wikipedia
Liste des œuvres de Michel-Ange — Portrait de Michel Ange par Daniele da Volterra Le tableau suivant est une liste des œuvres de peinture et de sculpture réalisées par l artiste de la Renaissance italienne, Michel Ange. Dans cette liste figurent également des œuvres perdues.… … Wikipédia en Français